(a) democracy and development go together
(b) inequalities exist in democracies
(c) inequalities do not exist under dictatorship
(d) dictatorship is better than democracy
Q.2. Why is there a delay in decision-making and implementation in a democracy?
(a) The government is afraid of taking decisions
(b) The government is hesitant in taking decisions
(c) Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation
(d) A democratic government is not interested in taking quick decisions
Q.3. Democracy is a better form of government because it ....
(a) promotes equality among citizens
(b) enhances the dignity of the individual
(c) provides a method to resolve conflicts
(d) all the above
Q.4. Which of the following statements is/ are correct?
(a) Most of the democracies have constitutions, they hold elections, have parties and
they guarantee rights to citizens
(b) Democracies are very much different from each other in terms of their social,
economic and cultural achievements
(c) All democracies are similar as far as social, economic and cultural
conditions are concerned
(d) Both (a) and (b)
Q.5. Which regime usually develops a procedure to conduct social competition and reduce the possibility of social tension?
(a) Democratic regime (b) Dictatorial regime
(c) Non-democratic regime (d) None of these
Q.6. Choose the correct statement.
(a) Democracies can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups
(b) Dictatorships can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups
(c) No regime can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups
(d) None of these
Q.7. Which factor is often missing from a non-democratic government?
(a) Efficiency (b) Effectiveness (c) Transparency (d) None of these
Q.8. Decisions taken by which type of government are likely to be
more acceptable to the people and more effective?
(a) Democratic government (b) Non-democratic government
(c) Military dictatorship (d) Theocracy
Q.9. Why is the cost of time that democracy pays for arriving at a decision worthwhile?
(a) Decisions are taken following due procedures
(b) Decisions are always in favour of people
(c) Decisions are more likely to be acceptable to the people and more effective
(d) None of these
Q.10. On which of the following practices and institutions can the accountability of
government and involvement of people in decision-making process in a democracy be measured?
1 - regular, free and fair elections
2 - public debate on major policies and legislations
3 - citizens' right to information about government and its functioning
(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3
(c) 1 and 3 (d) 1, 2 and 3
Q.11. There is one respect in which a democratic government is certainly better than its alternatives. What is it?
(a) Efficiency (b) Decision-making (c) Legitimacy (d) None of these
Q.12. Which among the following has a higher rate of economic growth and development?
(a) Democracies (b) Dictatorships
(c) All non-democratic regimes (d) Monarchies
Q.13. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the distribution of
economic benefits in democracies?
(a) Incomes of both the rich and the poor have been increasing
(b) Incomes of both the rich and the poor have been declining
(c) Incomes of the rich have been increasing and those of the poor have been declining
(d) None of the above
Q.14. In which of these countries half of the population lives in poverty?
(a) India (b) Sri Lanka (c) Bangladesh (d) Pakistan
Q.15. Which regime is best suited to accommodate social diversity?
(a) A democratic regime (b) A non-democratic regime (c) Only a dictatorial regime (d) None of these
Q.16. Which regimes often turn a blind eye to or suppress internal social differences?
(a) Democratic regimes (b) Non-democratic regimes (c) Monarchy (d) Oligarchy
Q.17. Which among the following countries is a perfect example of accommodation of social diversity?
(a) Sri Lanka (b) Belgium (c) Saudi Arabia (d) Pakistan
Q.18. Democracy stands much superior to any other form of government in promoting
(a) economic growth (b) dignity and freedom of the individual
(c) economic equality (d) None of these
Q.19. Which of these values have the moral and legal sanctions in a democracy?
(a) Gender equality (b) Caste-based equality (c) Economic equality (d) Both (a) and (b)
Q.20. In the context of democracies, which of the following ideas is correct?
Democracies have successfully
(a) eliminated conflicts among people
(b) eliminated economic inequalities among people
(c) eliminated differences of opinion about how marginalised sections are to be treated
(d) rejected the idea of political inequality
1.(b), 2.(c), 3.(d), 4.(d), 5.(a) 6.(c), 7.(c), 8.(a), 9.(c), 10.(d), 11.(c), 12.(b), 13.(c), 14.(c), 15.(a), 16.(b), 17.(b), 18.(b), 19.(d), 20.(d)