(a) Agriculture (b) Infrastructural facilities (c) Manufacturing industries (d) Export trade
Q.2. How can industrialisation assist in bringing in foreign exchange?
(a) Modernisation of agriculture
(b) Removing dependence on agriculture by providing alternative employment
(c) Export of manufactured goods (d) Import of manufactured goods
Q.3. Which of the following developments usually follows industrial activity?
(a) Agriculture (b) Urbanisation (c) Electrification (d) Mining
Q.4. In which of the following groups of cities were most of the manufacturing units located in the pre-independence period?
(a) Delhi, Kanpur, Moradabad (b) Bangalore - Hyderabad
(c) Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai (d) Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Amritsar.
Q.5. Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres known as agglomeration economies. Which of the following are the main advantages provided by cities to industries?
(a) Market and services (b) Agricultural products and minerals
(c) Power supply (d) Suitable climate and services
Q.6. Which of the following is not a factor of production?
(a) Land (b) Raw materials (c) Capital (d) Enterprise
Q.7. Which of the following industries is in private sector?
(a) Dabur (b) BHEL (c) SAIL (d) HINDALCO
Q.8. Oil India Limited (OIL) belongs to which of the following types of industries?
(a) Public sector (b) Private sector (c) Joint sector (d) Cooperative sector
Q.9. Which of the following industries belongs to the category of heavy industries?
(a) Watches (b) Shipbuilding (c) Electric bulbs (d) Knitting needles
Q.10. Which of the following techniques of cotton textile production came into use after the 18th century?
(a) Powerlooms (b) Hand-spinning (c) Handloom weaving (d) Zari embroidery
Q.11. When and where was the first successful textile mill established in India?
(a) In Ahmedabad in 1858 (b) In Chennai in 1954 (c) In Kolkata in 1816 (d) In Mumbai in 1854
Q.12. Sixty percent of sugar mills are concentrated in which of the following states?
(a) Punjab and Haryana (b) Maharashtra and Gujarat
(c) Uttar Pradesh and Bihar (d) West Bengal and Orissa
Q.13. O n t h e b a s i s o f character of raw material and finished product, iron and steel industry belongs to which category?
(a) Heavy industry (b) Medium industry (c) Light industry (d) Perishable goods industry
Q.14. Which of the following public sector steel plants of India is located near a port?
(a) Durgapur (b) Vijaynagar (c) Bhadravati (d) Vishakhapatnam
Q.15. Which of the following is the effect of liberalisation and foreign direct investment on iron and steel industry of India?
(a) Lower productivity of labour (b) High costs and limited availability of coking coal
(c) Irregular supply of energy (d) Boost to the industry
Q.16. Which of the following is not an inorganic chemical?
(a) Sulphuric acid (b) Petrochemicals (c) Nitric acid (d) Alkalies
Q.17. Which of the following inorganic chemicals is used for the making of glass, soaps, detergents and paper?
(a) Soda ash (b) Sulphuric acid (c) Nitric acid (d) Alkalies
Q.18. Which of the following industries is the largest consumer of chemicals?
(a) Fertilisers (b) Textiles (c) Chemicals (d) Paper
Q.19. Which of the following led to expansion of the fertiliser industry?
(a) Liberalisation and foreign direct investment (b) MNCs (multinational corporations)
(c) The Green Revolution (d) All the above
Q.20. When and where was the first cement plant set up in India?
(a) Chennai in 1904 (b) Porbandar in 1924 (c) Dalmianagar in 1937 (d) Kottayam in 1967
Q.21. Which of the following cities is one of the centres around which automobile industry is located?
(a) Gurgaon (b) Jaipur (c) Itanagar (d) Ahmedabad
Q.22. Which of the following cities is the electronic capital of India?
(a) Delhi (b) Mumbai (c) Bengaluru (d) Hyderabad
Q.23. Which of the following is an electronics industry?
(a) HMT, Bengaluru (b) TISCO, Jamshedpur (c) BHEL, Hyderabad (d) BALCO, Korba
Q.24. Which of the following industries has been a major foreign exchange earner in the last few years?
(a) Electronics Industry (b)Information Technology Industry
(c) Engineering Industry (d) Tourism Industry
Q.25. Which of the following is a negative effect of industrialisation?
(a) Economic growth (b) Pollution (c) Foreign exchange earnings (d) Rapid urbanisation
Q.26. The economic strength of the country is measured by which of the following developments ?
(a) The development of the manufacturing industries. (b) The development of the literacy ratio.
(c) The development of the health status. (d) The development of the population
Q.27. What is the correct meaning of agglomeration economies?
(a) Many industries set up in rural centres
(b) Industries are basically agro-based.
(c) Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres
(d) Industries set up produce raw material for secondary sector.
Q.28. Which one of the following is not true regarding the Iron and Steel industry in India?
(a) India is the largest producer of sponge iron.
(b) Most of the public sector undertakings market their steel through the Steel Authority of India.
(c) Chhotanagpur Plateau region has the maximum concentration of iron and steel industries.
(d) As a leading iron and steel producing country, India does not need to import steel from other countries.
Q.29. Which one of the following industries, due to its seasonal nature, is ideally suited to the cooperative sector ?
(a) Sugar industry (b) Textile industry (c) Automobile (d) Cotton textile
Q.30. Which one of the following air services provides services to Oil and Natural Gas Commission in its off-shore operations ?
(a) Indian Airlines (b) Air India (c) Pawanhans Helicopters LTD (d) Alliance
Q.31. Regular supply of electricity and an assured source of raw material at minimum cost are the two prime factors for the location of which one of the following industries :
(a) Iron and Steel (b) Automobile (c) Aluminium smelting (d) Electronics
Q.32. Where was the first Cement Plant set up in India ?
(a) Mumbai (b) Kolkata (c) Chennai (d) Delhi
Q.33. Manufacturing Industries are placed in :
(a) Primary sector (b) Secondary sector (c) Tertiary sector (d) Service sector
Q.34. The first successful textile mill was established in :
(a) Delhi (b) Vishakhapattnam (c) Chennai (d) Mumbai (Bombay)
Q.35. Textile industry is an example of:
(a) Agro based industry (b) Cooperative sector industry
(c) Mineral based industry (d) Marine based industry
Q.36. Which one of the following is not true regarding the National Jute Policy of 2005 ?
(a) Creating awareness about the use of biodegradable materials
(b) Ensuring good prices to the jute farmers
(c) Increasing productivity (d) Improving quality of Jute
Q.37. Which one of the following factors has once again opened the opportunity for jute product? (a) Increasing concern for the use of biodegradable materials (b) Increasing productivity
(c) Enhancing the yield per hectare (d) Improving quality
Q.38. Which one of the following steel plants is located in Chhattisgarh ?
(a) Bokaro (b) Durgapur (c) Bhilai (d) Rourkela
Q.39. Most of the sugar industries are ideally suited to :
(a) Private sector (b) Joint sector (c) Cooperative sector (d) Public sector
Q.40. Which one of the following agencies, market steel for the public sector plants ?
(a) HAIL (b) SAIL (c) TATA STEEL (d) MNCC
Q.41. Which of the following group of factors is a prime group for the location of aluminium smelting plant? (a) Capital and Market (b) Raw material and Electricity
(c) Labour and Raw material (d) Capital and Transport
Q.42. Small scale and large scale industries are classified on which basis?
(a) Capital investment (b) Ownership (c) Main role (d) Source of raw materials
Q.43. Which one of the following factors is considered as the most prominent one in industrial location in a region ?
(a) Availability of raw materials (b) Market (c) Cheap Labour (d) None of these
Q.44. Which one of the following cities is known as electronic capital of India ?
(a) Srinagar (b) Noida (c) Bengaluru (d) Pune
Q.45. Which one of the following groups of states have the largest number of cotton textile centres ? (a) Gujarat and Maharashtra (b) Karnataka and Tamil Nadu
(c) Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh (d) Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat
Q.46. Which one of the following countries has the largest installed capacity of spindles in the world ? (a) India (b) China (c) USA (d) Britain
Q.47. The National Jute Policy with an objective to improve the production for the Indian farmers was formulated in the year :
(a) 2000 (b) 2005 (c) 2001 (d) 1999
1.(c), 2.(c), 3.(b), 4.(c), 5.(a), 6.(b), 7.(a), 8.(c), 9.(b), 10.(a), 11.(d), 12.(c), 13.(a),14.(d), 15.(d),16.(b)
17.(a), 18.(c), 19.(c), 20.(a), 21.(a), 22.(c), 23.(c), 24.(b), 25.(b), 26.(a), 27.(c), 28.(d), 29.(a), 30.(c), 31.(c), 32.(c), 33.(b), 34.(d), 35.(a), 36.(a), 37.(a), 38.(c), 39.(c), 40.(b), 41.(b), 42.(a), 43.(a), 44.(c)
45.(a), 46.(b), 47.(b)